Stabilization of Soft Soil by Incinerated Sewage Sludge Ash from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant for Engineering Construction

  • Ahmad Hussaini Jagaba Cyprus International University
  • Abbas Shuaibu Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
  • Ibrahim Umaru Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
  • Saifullahi Musa Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
  • Ibrahim Mohammed Lawal Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
  • Sule Abubakar
Keywords: Wastewater, Incinerated Sewage Sludge Ash, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure, Soil Stabilization, California Bearing Ratio, Unconfined Compressive Strength


Effective Management of Municipal Solid Waste cannot be achieved without involving wastewater treatment plants as they generate sludge that must be disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner. Therefore, recycling or reusing them are the preferred options for sustainable development. The study presented the use of incinerated sewage sludge ash (ISSA) as a soil stabilizing agent. Oxide compositions were determined by the X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). Result showed that ISSA contains Silicon oxide, SiO2 (61.42 %), Aluminum oxide Al2O3 (23.51 %) and Iron oxide, Fe2O3 (4.24 %) in high proportion. Clay soil with low to medium plasticity (CL) from an A-7-6 group was replaced with 0 % 3 %, 5 %, 7 % and 10 % ISSA. Test such as California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS), Compaction and Atterberg limit were conducted. Soil obtained lowest OMC and highest MDD values both at 7% ash content. PI dramatically reduced at short extension of curing age from 21 % to 7 % at 10 % ISSA content thereby improving it from category A7 to A2. With 2.25 % at 3 days realized as the maximum value for resistance to loss in strength, durability requirement is satisfied. ISSA effectively raised CBR values of soil from 15.6 % to 19.5 %, 32.6 %, 47.9 % and 46.4 % respectively with 7 % ISSA additive yielding best result. Therefore, the study concludes that 7 % ISSA additive effectively enhance the strength of soft soils.


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How to Cite
Jagaba, A., Shuaibu, A., Umaru, I., Musa, S., Lawal, I., & Abubakar, S. (2019, May 1). Stabilization of Soft Soil by Incinerated Sewage Sludge Ash from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant for Engineering Construction. Sustainable Structures and Materials, An International Journal, 2(1), 32-44.